Uses white rats to picture trial and error problem solving and to demonstrate the importance of motivation and reward in the learning process. The hungry rat learns to get food by pressing a bar while the satiated animal goes to sleep. The latter's learned ability to turn off a mild electric shock by striking a lever evidences his learning capacity to be comparable to that of his hungry companion. Other illustrations show animals learning to rotate a wheel, bite a rubber tube, and strike another animal to avoid electric shock.
Psychology Behaviorism Conditioned Reflexes Experiments Animals Hunger
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